Resources

Torah, nature, and agriculture (general)
Jewish environmentalism
Ethnobotany (general)
Botanical resources
Biblical Gardens
Science and Torah
Maror (lettuce, horseradish, and other species)
Rockrose
Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera)
Tamarisk

Here are some publications and Web sites that you may find useful for learning about Biblical botany and the significance of plants and nature in Torah and Jewish tradition. The locations of some Biblical gardens are listed, as well. This is not an exhaustive list, by any means, nor does listing a site here represent an endorsement. If you would like to suggest additional books, Web sites, or other resources, please e-mail them to me at jon@torahflora.org or use the comments option at the end of an essay to leave a message.

Torah, nature, and agriculture (general)

Neot Kedumim, The Biblical Landscape Reserve in Israel
http://www.neot-kedumim.org.il/public/

Feliks, Yehuda.1981. Nature & Man in the Bible, Chapters in Biblical Ecology. Soncino Press, London. (Translated from Hebrew)

HaReuveni, Nogah. 1980. Nature in our Biblical Heritage. Neot Kedumim, Lod, Israel. (Translated from Hebrew)

HaReuveni, Nogah. 1984. Tree and Shrub in our Biblical Heritage. Neot Kedumim, Lod, Israel. (Translated from Hebrew)

HaReuveni, Nogah. 2000. Desert and Shepherd in our Biblical Heritage. Neot Kedumim, Lod, Israel. (Translated from Hebrew)

Jacob’s Ladder Farm (Educational programs about Biblical agricuture and crafts, located in Maryland)
http://www.jacobsladderfarm.com/home.html

Kapach, Rav Yosef Kapach. 2005. Machberet Tzimchei HaMishna [Notebook on Plants of the Mishna]. Mishpachat Kapach, Jerusalem.

Otzar Haaretz (Shmitah observance)
http://www.hashmita.co.il/index.asp?mainpage=prod_enlarge&prodtbl=070000&menuIDcounterID=0-070000-1011

Sales, Ben. 2014. What did King David drink? Israeli wine researchers aim to revive ancient libations. JTA.org

Zoo Torah (Animals in Torah and Judaism)
http://zootorah.com

The Candelabra (article about the symbolism of the Temple menorah by Dr. Russell Jay Hendel)
http://www.Rashiyomi.com/menorah.pdf

Innernet (Online Jewish magazine; page of essays about Judaism, nature, and science)
http://www.innernet.org.il/catagories.php?pid=3

Flowers in Israel (photos and information about plants in Israel)
http://www.flowersinisrael.com/index.html

Flora, faith, and folklore in the Land of the Bible http://wildisraeliflowers.blogspot.com/

Shauli, Rabbi Moshe Cohen. 1989. Marfeh HaBosem [The Herbal Cure]. Shauli Center, Ashdod, Israel. (folk medical uses of plants found in Israel today, with discussion of their Biblical or Jewish significance)

Jan Pieter van de Giessen’s biblical botany blog (in Dutch)
http://bijbelaantekeningen.blogspot.com/search/label/Flora

Caper Bushes
http://www.ima2seven.com/caper-bushes/

Jewish environmentalism

American Society for the Preservation of Nature in Israel (ASPNI)
http://www.aspni.org/

Canfei Nesharim (Torah-oriented environmental education organization)
http://www.canfeinesharim.org/

Eitz Chayim Hee (Canfei Nesharim’s weekly environmental parsha commentary)
http://canfeinesharim.org/community/parshas.php/

Two articles that I wrote for Eitz Chayim Hee:
Behaalotchah
http://canfeinesharim.org/community/parshas.php?page=16658
Mas’ei
http://canfeinesharim.org/community/parshas.php?page=16658

Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life (COEJL)
http://www.coejl.org/index.php

The House on the Mountain (Kabbalistic study course on environmental issues)
http://www.azamra.org/earth.shtml

Heschel Center for Environmental Learning and Leadership
http://heschel.org.il/eng/

Derech HaTeva (Nature programs in Israel)
http://www.derechhateva.org/jee_main.shtml

Hava & Adam Eco-Educational Farm in Modiin, Israel and Eco-Israel Program
http://www.eco-israel.org/index.html

Hazon
http://www.hazon.org/

The Jew and the Carrot (“Jews, food, and social issues”)
http://jcarrot.org/

The Jewish Nature Center (New Jersey)
http://www.jewishnaturecenter.org/

Green Jewish World
http://www.greenjewishworld.com/

Outdoor Jewish Adventures
http://www.outdoorjewishadventures.com/

Wilderness Torah
http://wildernesstorah.org/

Ethnobotany (general)

The Food Museum
http://www.foodmuseum.com

4,000 year-old lentil seed from Turkish archaeological site sprouts
http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=ancient-seed-came-into-leaf-2009-12-16/

Sacred Earth (Ecotravel and ethnobotany)
http://www.sacredearth.com/

Foraging with the “Wildman” (Learn to identify wild food and medicinal plants on hikes with Steve Brill)
http://www.wildmanstevebrill.com/

Botanical resources

Botanic Gardens Conservation International
http://www.bgci.org/worldwide/home/

Denver Botanic Gardens (including a Biblical garden)
http://www.botanicgardens.org/

Wild Flowers of Israel
http://www.wildflowers.co.il/english/

Flowers of Israel
http://israel1234.wordpress.com/

Missouri Botanical Garden
http://www.mobot.org/

Purdue University Center for New Crops and Plant Products (Includes CropINDEX, an extensive database of information about cultivated plants)
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html

Biblical Gardens

Neot Kedumim (Israel; near Jerusalem)
http://www.neot-kedumim.org.il/public/

Denver Botanic Gardens (includes a Biblical garden)
http://www.botanicgardens.org/

Rodef Shalom Biblical Botanical Garden (Pittsburgh)
http://www.biblicalgardenpittsburgh.org/

Warsaw Biblical Gardens (Warsaw, IN)
http://www.warsawbiblicalgardens.org/index.cfm

Jerusalem Botanical Gardens (Hebrew University Campus, Jerusalem, Israeal)
http://www.botanic.co.il/index.htm

Science and Torah

B’Or HaTorah (“Journal of Science, Art, & Life in the Light of Torah”)
http://www.borhatorah.org/

Maror (lettuce, horseradish, and other species)

General information about lettuce:
http://www.answers.com/topic/lettuce

Lettuce–From wild weed to functional food
http://hydroponics.com.au/php/viewtopic.php?t=316

Schaffer, Arthur. 1981. The history of horseradish as the bitter herb of Passover. Gesher 5741, no. 8. Pp. 217-237. Yeshiva University, New York, NY.

Wildlettuce.com (Information and wild lettuce products)
http://www.wildlettuce.com/index.html

Rockrose

Mountain Valley Growers
http://www.mountainvalleygrowers.com/Rockrosemvv798.ht

Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera)

HaReuveni, Hannah and Ephraim HaReuveni. 1938. Ha-a’ra’r. in Sefer Magnes. Hebrew University Press.

Tamarisk

Washington Dept. of Ecology, Non-native Invasive Freshwater Plants, Salt Cedar (Tamarix)
http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/plants/weeds/aqua013.html